Himalayan Stand-Off Makes for an Awkward G-20 for Xi and Modi

Things could be a little annoying when Chinese President Xi Jinping and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi meet in the framework of the Group of 20 meeting in Germany.

Away from leading luxury events in Hamburg, China and India, they face a resurgence of the decade-long conflict in a remote area of ​​the Himalayas. The interruption of vertices such tensions is a regular event, but now both parties invoke memories of a border war, where 1962 Maoist China defeated the new independent India.

Although the latest outbreak is likely to be resolved diplomatically, it adds to a growing relationship between heavy nuclear powers when they clash over influence in South Asia. The growth of India’s economy fueling its ambitions and its ties to the West, while Beijing claims territorial claims in the East China Sea, South China Sea and remote Himalayan passes.

Xi and Modi are due to attend a Friday meeting of the leaders of the BRIC countries – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – held together with the G-20 summit. There are no plans for a direct basis.

“This should be seen as part of a broader pattern, become firm, and get involved in this habit of imposing their demands are subject to controversy, sometimes imagined, ignoring the opinions of others,” said Ashok Kantha , Former ambassador from India to China and director of the Institute of Chinese Studies in New Delhi.

Countries agree that the last race began and what happens next, both sides refuse to back down.

Some observers in China say Indian troops crossed the border – as Modi met with US President Donald Trump in Washington and before the G-20 – to remind the world that India could contain China’s ambitions .

In China, it is particularly sensitive, as it belongs to China to organize a large BRICS summit in September that was personally approved by Xi.

“China and India are increasing their powers, but it seems China’s development is faster and has more influence in the world,” said Zhou Gang, a former Chinese ambassador to India. “India is not comfortable with that.

They are jealous, “Zhou said. If the Indian government wants to increase its nationalism, China is becoming the easiest target. ”

New Delhi is wary of Beijing’s infrastructure projects in Pakistan and other neighboring countries. Meanwhile, Beijing is trying to strengthen its influence through its commercial initiative of the tape and the road and it is estimated that the strength of India reflects the fear of China’s rise.

Departments between India and China have occurred in the past even when Xi visited New Delhi in 2014. In the past two years, both sides have tried to build roads and other infrastructures that lead to the shared border.

The current dispute is three points between Bhutan, Tibet in China and Sikkim in India.

Foreign Ministry of Bhutan said a road construction Chinese group has passed through its territory on June 16 India later said that Bhutanese troops trying to discourage the construction team escorted by the People’s Liberation Army.

After that, the Indian staff of the region and approached “urged them not to change the status quo.”

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said Indian troops crossed China “to violate historic conventions and violate international law.

“This is the Indian side that has” Bhutan protection “as an excuse to justify its border crossing and entry into China,” said he was at a conference on Thursday.

Defense Minister of India Arun Jaitley, referring to the painful loss of India for more than half a century, said that India today is different. Army chief Bipin Rawat visited the area, and in early June, just before the start, said his forces could face a multi-border war against China and Pakistan, according to a Times of India report.

For its part, China’s state government told Global Times in an editorial that the Chinese “look down” on the Indian army and “India will suffer greater losses than ‘in 1962 if it leads to a military conflict “.